||Cytokines may contribute to both neurotoxicity and neuroprotection. IL1beta has been found elevated in ischemic stroke patients compared to mimics. No clear association has been found with aetiological classification of ischemic stroke
||In stroke, high ferritin levels have been associated with hemorrhagic transformation and outcome.
||Associated with astroglial tissue damage. Increased levels of GFAp have been found in stroke patients when compared to mimics. Raised GFAP is detected in patients with intracerebral hemorrhages than in ischemic stroke patients.